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Evolutionary responses of Drosophila melanogaster life history to differences in larval density

Roper, C; Pignatelli, P; Partridge, L; (1996) Evolutionary responses of Drosophila melanogaster life history to differences in larval density. Journal of Evolutionary Biology , 9 (5) pp. 609-622.

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Abstract

The study examined the effects of evolution at two different larval densities on pre-adult and adult fitness traits. Five replicate selection lines each were cultured at either 50 or 150 larvae per vial, avoiding selection on development time, age at breeding or for adaptation to adult density, one or more of which factors has been a confounding variable in previous studies. Low density selection lines evolved extended development times at both growth densities. The extended development times were associated with greater adult body size at the lower growth density only, and particularly in females. The lines did not differ significantly in larval competitive ability at either growth density. At neither growth density did the early adult fertility of females or the lifespan of either sex differ between the lines from the two selection regimes, but at the lower growth density the late fertility of low density line females was significantly enhanced. The results suggest that larval density does have important effects on the expression and resolution of life history trade-offs in Drosophila melanogaster, but that these may be somewhat different from those reported in previous studies.

Type: Article
Title: Evolutionary responses of Drosophila melanogaster life history to differences in larval density
UCL classification: UCL > Office of the President and Provost
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Biosciences (Division of)
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Biosciences (Division of) > Genetics, Evolution and Environment
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1300247
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