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Comparison of Torsional and Linear Mode Ultrasonic Coagulating Shears for Sealing Veins

Ching, SS; Verbeke, CS; Homer-Vanniasinkam, S; McMahon, MJ; (2008) Comparison of Torsional and Linear Mode Ultrasonic Coagulating Shears for Sealing Veins. JOURNAL OF LAPAROENDOSCOPIC & ADVANCED SURGICAL TECHNIQUES , 18 (6) 819 - 824. 10.1089/lap.2008.0066.

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Abstract

Background: Torsional mode ultrasonic coagulating shears are an alternative device to linear mode shears for hemostatic cutting. The aim of this study was to compare the vessel-sealing quality of torsional and linear mode ultrasonic coagulating shears on human veins.Materials and Methods: Veins were harvested from 15 patients during varicose vein surgery. Each vessel was sealed and cut by both devices at different sites. The seals were either tested for burst pressure or examined microscopically to compare mural thickness, seal length, and extent of coagulation and lateral thermal effect.Results: For veins 2.0-3.0 mm in diameter, the median burst pressure was higher on seals made with torsional mode shears (245, IQR 161-360 mm Hg vs. 133, IQR 101-165 mm Hg; P = 0.001). Similarly, for veins 3.5-4.5 mm in diameter, the median burst pressure was higher with torsional mode shears (149, IQR 118-212 mm Hg vs. 94, IQR 82-126 mm Hg; P = 0.001). There was no significant difference in the median burst pressure for veins 5.0-6.0 mm in diameter (82, IQR 61-132 mm Hg vs. 76, IQR 40-114 mm Hg; P = 0.268). Seals made with torsional mode shears showed significantly greater seal length (517 +/- 300 mu m vs. 316 +/- 147 mu m; P = 0.016), more tissue coagulation (467 +/- 197 mu m vs. 335 +/- 128 mu m; P = 0.015), and greater lateral thermal effect (1479 +/- 340 mu m vs. 1116 +/- 253 mu m; P < 0.001).Conclusion: Torsional mode ultrasonic shears produced more secure seals on veins up to 4.5 mm in diameter. This can be explained by the greater seal length produced by torsional mode shears.

Type:Article
Title:Comparison of Torsional and Linear Mode Ultrasonic Coagulating Shears for Sealing Veins
Location:Athens, GREECE
DOI:10.1089/lap.2008.0066
Keywords:LARGE-SIZED ARTERIES, VASCULAR CLIPS, BIPOLAR, HEMOSTASIS, LIGATION, SCALPEL, VESSELS, SYSTEM
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Surgery and Interventional Science (Division of)

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