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The role of endothelial cell reactive antibodies in peripheral vascular disease

Armitage, JD; Homer-Vanniasinkam, S; Lindsey, NJ; (2004) The role of endothelial cell reactive antibodies in peripheral vascular disease. AUTOIMMUN REV , 3 (2) 129 - 134. 10.1016/S1568-9972(03)00087-9.

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Abstract

The mechanism by which a small but significant proportion of patients with peripheral vascular disease (PVD) rapidly progress to critical ischaemia is unclear. Both experimental and clinical data suggest a role for autoantibodies in the pathogenesis of atherosclerotic disease, particularly in the accelerated atherosclerosis seen in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and the anti-phospholipid syndrome. This review examines the evidence for a role for endothelial cell reactive autoantibodies in PVD and the potential mechanisms by which these autoantibodies could contribute to the acceleration of atherosclerosis in a proportion of patients. The identification of such markers could lead to the identification of patients with PVD who are at risk of developing critical ischaemia and may warrant early an aggressive intervention. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Type:Article
Title:The role of endothelial cell reactive antibodies in peripheral vascular disease
DOI:10.1016/S1568-9972(03)00087-9
Keywords:ischaemia, peripheral vascular disease, endothelial cells, CORONARY-ARTERY DISEASE, ISCHEMIC-HEART-DISEASE, FATTY-STREAK FORMATION, ANTIPHOSPHOLIPID ANTIBODIES, BETA(2)-GLYCOPROTEIN I, ANTICARDIOLIPIN ANTIBODIES, MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION, SHOCK PROTEIN-65, ATHEROSCLEROSIS, BINDING
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Surgery and Interventional Science (Division of)

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