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Effect of homocysteine on cytokine production by human endothelial cells and monocytes

Dalal, S; Parkin, SM; Homer-Vanniasinkam, S; Nicolaou, A; (2003) Effect of homocysteine on cytokine production by human endothelial cells and monocytes. ANN CLIN BIOCHEM , 40 534 - 541.

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Abstract

Background Hyperhomocysteinaemia is an independent risk factor in the development of cardiovascular disease. Although homocysteine has been shown to affect endothelial cell function, the mechanisms by which it induces disease states are still poorly understood. Here, we report the ability of homocysteine to influence inflammatory cytokine/chemokine production by human saphenous vein endothelial cells, peripheral blood monocytes and monocyte-derived macrophages.Methods Human saphenous vein endothelial cells, peripheral blood monocytes and monocyte-derived macrophages were treated with homocysteine (0.1-5 mmol/L) for 4 and/or 24 h. Tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-6 and IL-8 production was measured in the cell culture media using commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays.Results Interleukin-6 production by human saphenous vein endothelial cells was significantly stimulated following a 24-h treatment with homocysteine, whilst IL-8 concentrations were inhibited after both 4- and 24-h treatments. Homocysteine was also found to stimulate IL-1beta production by human peripheral blood monocytes and TNF-alpha production by monocyte-derived macrophages.Conclusions Overall, results from this study suggest that homocysteine alters the profile of cytokine/chemokine production by endothelial cells and macrophages. This altered profile may be important in the inflammatory events that initiate or enhance the development of atherosclerotic lesions.

Type: Article
Title: Effect of homocysteine on cytokine production by human endothelial cells and monocytes
Keywords: TUMOR-NECROSIS-FACTOR, THROMBOGENIC AGENT, EXPRESSION, ATHEROSCLEROSIS, ACTIVATION, INTERLEUKIN-8, MACROPHAGES, MODULATION, INHIBITION, DISEASE
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Mechanical Engineering
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1299423
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