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Ischaemic preconditioning in transplantation and major resection of the liver

Banga, NR; Homer-Vanniasinkam, S; Graham, A; Al-Mukhtar, A; White, SA; Prasad, KR; (2005) Ischaemic preconditioning in transplantation and major resection of the liver. BRIT J SURG , 92 (5) 528 - 538. 10.1002/bjs.5004.

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Abstract

Background. Ischaemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) contributes significantly to the morbidity and mortality of transplantation and major resection of the liver. Its severity is reduced by ischaemic preconditioning (IP), the precise mechanisms of which are not completely understood. This review discusses the pathophysiology and role of IP in this clinical setting.Methods: A Medline search was performed using the keywords 'ischaemic preconditioning', 'ischaemia-reperfusion injury', 'transplantation' and 'hepatic resection'. Additional articles were obtained from references within the papers identified by the Medline search.Results and conclusion: The mechanisms underlying hepatic IRI are complex, but IP reduces the severity of such injury in several animal models and in recent human trials. Increased understanding of the cellular processes involved in IP is of importance in the development of treatment strategies aimed at improving outcome after liver transplantation and major hepatic resection.

Type:Article
Title:Ischaemic preconditioning in transplantation and major resection of the liver
DOI:10.1002/bjs.5004
Keywords:SINUSOIDAL ENDOTHELIAL-CELLS, INTERCELLULAR-ADHESION MOLECULE-1, NITRIC-OXIDE SYNTHASE, MITOCHONDRIAL PERMEABILITY TRANSITION, HEPATIC ISCHEMIA/REPERFUSION INJURY, ADENOSINE A(2) RECEPTORS, PROTEIN-KINASE-C, REPERFUSION INJURY, RAT-LIVER, PRESERVATION INJURY
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Surgery and Interventional Science (Division of)

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