Biochemistry and cell biology of mammalian scavenger receptors.
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Scavenger receptors are integral membrane proteins that bind a wide variety of ligands including modified or oxidised low-density lipoproteins, apoptotic cells and pathogens. Modified low-density lipoprotein accumulation is thought to be an early event in vascular disease and thus scavenger receptor function is critical in this context. The scavenger receptor family has at least eight different subclasses (A-H) which bear little sequence homology to each other but recognize common ligands. Here we review our current understanding of the scavenger receptor subclasses with emphasis on their genetics, protein structure, biochemical properties, membrane trafficking, intracellular signalling and links to disease states. We also highlight emerging areas where scavenger receptors play roles in cell and animal physiology. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Title:||Biochemistry and cell biology of mammalian scavenger receptors|
|Keywords:||scavenger receptor, oxidised LDL, secretion, internalisation, intracellular signalling, LOW-DENSITY-LIPOPROTEIN, ARTERY ENDOTHELIAL-CELLS, GLYCATION END-PRODUCTS, B TYPE-I, OXIDIZED LDL RECEPTOR, SMOOTH-MUSCLE-CELLS, NF-KAPPA-B, HUMAN ATHEROSCLEROTIC LESIONS, MOUSE PERITONEAL-MACROPHAGES, MONOCYTE-DERIVED MACROPHAGES|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of BEAMS
UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
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