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Use of a novel porcine collagen paste as a dermal substitute in full-thickness wounds

Shevchenko, RV; Sibbons, PD; Sharpe, JR; James, SE; (2008) Use of a novel porcine collagen paste as a dermal substitute in full-thickness wounds. WOUND REPAIR REGEN , 16 (2) 198 - 207. 10.1111/j.1524-475X.2008.00360.x.

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Abstract

A commercially available porcine collagen sheet material has been found previously to be useful as an implant for reconstructive surgery. However, its use as a dermal substitute has been hindered by slow cell penetration and vascularization. A novel paste formulation of this material was investigated for its potential role as a dermal substitute in full-thickness wounds. A porcine punch biopsy model was initially used to assess the integration of a wide range of material formulations. Selected formulations were then assessed further in a larger wound-chamber model. Paste formulations were compared with those of sheet and another commercially available dermal regeneration template. The porcine collagen paste became integrated into full-thickness wounds without rejection and without excessive inflammation. It was detected in wounds up to day 27 postimplantation. Porcine collagen paste was readily infiltrated by host cells by day 2 and supported migrating keratinocytes on its surface. Staining for endothelial cells indicated neovasculature formation as early as day 4 and functional newly formed microvessels were noted at day 7. This was comparable with neovascularization of an alternative and clinically proven dermal regeneration template and was significantly superior to the sheet material formulation at the same time points. Our findings suggest that porcine collagen paste may be suitable as an alternative to current dermal substitutes in full-thickness wounds.

Type:Article
Title:Use of a novel porcine collagen paste as a dermal substitute in full-thickness wounds
DOI:10.1111/j.1524-475X.2008.00360.x
Keywords:CULTURED EPITHELIAL AUTOGRAFT, TISSUE-ENGINEERED SKIN, AUTOLOGOUS KERATINOCYTES, ARTIFICIAL SKIN, BURN INJURIES, ANIMAL-MODEL, FIBRIN GLUE, IMPLANT, REPLACEMENTS, PRINCIPLES
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Surgery and Interventional Science (Division of)

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