Femoroacetabular impingement: bone marrow oedema associated with fibrocystic change of the femoral head and neck junction.
472 - 478.
AIM: To describe the association of bone marrow oedema adjacent to areas of fibrocystic change at the femoral head and neck junction in patients with femoroacelabular impingement.MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinical and imaging findings in six patients with bone marrow oedema adjacent to an area of fibrocystic change at the femoral head and neck junction are presented. There were five mates and one female (age range 19-42 years, mean age 34.5 years). Three patients were referred with a clinical suspicion of femoroacetabular impingement, two with suspected osteoid osteoma and one with a clinical diagnosis of sciatica. The volume of bone marrow oedema (grade 1: 0-25%, grade 2: 26-50%, grade 3: 51-75% and grade 4: 76-100% of the femoral neck width), presence of labral and articular cartilage abnormality, joint effusion, and femoral head and neck morphology were recorded.RESULTS: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) identified fibrocystic change in the anterolateral aspect of the femoral head and neck junction in all cases (mean size 9 mm, range 5-14 mm, three multilocular and three unilocular cysts). The volume of oedema was variable (one grade 1, two grade 2, one grade 3 and two grade 4). AR patients had abnormality of the anterosuperior labrum with five patients demonstrating chondral toss. An abnormal femoral head and neck junction was identified in five patients.CONCLUSION: The radiological finding of fibrocystic change at the anterosuperior femoral neck with or without bone marrow oedema should prompt the search for femoroacetabular impingement. Bone marrow oedema may rarely be identified adjacent to these areas of cystic change and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of bone marrow oedema in the femoral neck. (c) 2007 The Royal College of Radiologists. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Title:||Femoroacetabular impingement: bone marrow oedema associated with fibrocystic change of the femoral head and neck junction|
|Keywords:||ANTERIOR IMPINGEMENT, ARTHROGRAPHY, LESIONS, HIPS, MRI|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Surgery and Interventional Science (Division of)|
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