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Function diversity within folds and superfamilies

Dessailly, BH; Orengo, CA; (2009) Function diversity within folds and superfamilies. In: From Protein Structure to Function with Bioinformatics. (pp. 143-166).

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Abstract

With the advent of structural genomics initiatives, increasing numbers of three-dimensional structures are available for proteins of unknown function. However, the extent to which structural information helps understanding function is still a matter of debate. Here, the value of detecting structural relationships at differ ent levels (typically, fold and superfamily) for transferring functional annotations between proteins is reviewed. First, function diversity of proteins sharing the same fold is investigated, and it is shown that although the identification of a fold can in some cases provide clues on functional properties, the diversity of functions within a fold can be such that this information is very limited for some particularly diverse folds (e.g. super-folds). Next, since structural data can help detecting homology in the absence of sequence similarity, function diversity between proteins from the same superfamily (homologous proteins) is analysed. The evolutionary causes and the mechanisms that have generated the observed functional diversity between related proteins are discussed, and helpful tools for the correlated analysis of struc ture, function and evolution are reviewed. © 2009 Springer Netherlands.

Type: Book chapter
Title: Function diversity within folds and superfamilies
ISBN-13: 9781402090578
DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4020-9058-5_6
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Structural and Molecular Biology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1299027
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