A Novel Fluorescent Probe for Retaining Galactosyltransferases.
Glycosyltransferases (GTs) are a large class of carbohydrate-active enzymes that are involved, in both pro- and eukaryotic organisms, in numerous important biological processes, from cellular adhesion to carcinogenesis. GTs have enormous potential as molecular targets for chemical biology and drug discovery. For the full realisation of this potential, operationally simple and generally applicable GT bioassays, especially for inhibitor screening, are indispensable tools. In order to facilitate the development of GT high-throughput screening assays for the identification of GT inhibitors, we have developed novel, fluorescent derivatives of UDP-galactose (UDP-Gal) that are recognised as donor analogues by several different retaining galactosyltransferases (GalTs). We demonstrate for one of these derivatives that fluorescence emission is quenched upon specific binding to individual GalTs, and that this effect can be used as the read-out in ligand-displacement experiments. The novel fluorophore acts as an excellent sensor for several different enzymes and is suitable for the development of a new type of Gall bioassay, whose modular nature and operational simplicity will significantly facilitate inhibitor screening. Importantly, the structural differences between the natural donor UDP-Gal and the new fluorescent derivatives are minimal, and the general assay principle described herein may therefore also be applicable to other Galls and/or proteins that use nucleotides or nucleotide conjugates as their cofactor.
|Title:||A Novel Fluorescent Probe for Retaining Galactosyltransferases|
|Keywords:||bioassays, enzymes, fluorescent probes, glycobiology, glycosyltransferases, GLYCOSYLTRANSFERASE, INHIBITORS, ANALOGS, ASSAY, IDENTIFICATION, GLYCOSYLATION, DERIVATIVES, SUBSTRATE|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Chemistry
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