Foster, AS; Trevethan, T; Shluger, AL; (2009) Structure and diffusion of intrinsic defects, adsorbed hydrogen, and water molecules at the surface of alkali-earth fluorides calculated using density functional theory. PHYS REV B , 80 (11) , Article 115421. 10.1103/PhysRevB.80.115421.
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Using periodic density functional theory, we calculate the structure and migration energies of fluorine vacancies and interstitials in the bulk and at the stoichiometric bulk-truncated surface of three alkali-earth fluorides: CaF2, SrF2, and BaF2. We then study the adsorption of water and hydrogen, in both molecular and dissociated form, at the ideal surface, and at neutral and charged vacancies in the surface and subsurface layers. The results demonstrate that in nearly all cases molecular adsorption is strongly favored. For the most probable configurations on the surfaces, we also studied the migration paths and barriers, and found that water is highly mobile on the surface, even when adsorbed at defects. In general, CaF2 and SrF2 show similar behavior with respect to water, while adsorption energies and migration barriers for BaF2 are smaller. Finally, we discuss our results in the context of recent experimental Atomic Force Microscopy studies on CaF2 and compare to calculations on other insulating surfaces.
|Title:||Structure and diffusion of intrinsic defects, adsorbed hydrogen, and water molecules at the surface of alkali-earth fluorides calculated using density functional theory|
|Keywords:||ATOMIC-FORCE MICROSCOPY, PERIODIC BOUNDARY-CONDITIONS, TOTAL-ENERGY CALCULATIONS, AB-INITIO CALCULATIONS, AUGMENTED-WAVE METHOD, CAF2 111 SURFACE, CAF2(111) SURFACE, CALCIUM-FLUORIDE, ELECTRONIC-STRUCTURE, SIZE DEFECTS|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Physics and Astronomy|
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