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Xenon Preconditioning Protects against Renal Ischemic-Reperfusion Injury via HIF-1 alpha Activation

Ma, DQ; Lim, T; Xu, J; Tang, H; Wan, YJ; Zhao, HL; ... Maze, M; + view all (2009) Xenon Preconditioning Protects against Renal Ischemic-Reperfusion Injury via HIF-1 alpha Activation. J AM SOC NEPHROL , 20 (4) 713 - 720. 10.1681/ASN.2008070712.

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Abstract

The mortality rate from acute kidney injury after major cardiovascular operations can be as high as 60%, and no therapies have been proved to prevent acute kidney injury in this setting. Here, we show that preconditioning with the anesthetic gas xenon activates hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF-1 alpha) and its downstream effectors erythropoietin and vascular endothelial growth factor in a time-dependent manner in the kidneys of adult mice. Xenon increased the efficiency of HIF-1 alpha translation via modulation of the mammalian target of rapamycin pathway. In a model of renal ischemia-reperfusion injury, xenon provided morphologic and functional renoprotection; hydrodynamic injection of HIF-1 alpha small interfering RNA demonstrated that this protection is HIF-1 alpha dependent. These results suggest that xenon preconditioning is a natural inducer of HIF-1a and that administration of xenon before renal ischemia can prevent acute renal failure. If these data are confirmed in the clinical setting, then preconditioning with xenon may be beneficial before procedures that temporarily interrupt renal perfusion.

Type:Article
Title:Xenon Preconditioning Protects against Renal Ischemic-Reperfusion Injury via HIF-1 alpha Activation
DOI:10.1681/ASN.2008070712
Keywords:HYPOXIA-INDUCIBLE FACTOR, DELAYED GRAFT FUNCTION, ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH-FACTOR, KIDNEY-TRANSPLANTATION, GENE-EXPRESSION, MTOR, ERYTHROPOIETIN, INHIBITION, ISOFLURANE, SURVIVAL
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Medicine (Division of)

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