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Alterations in levels of iron, ferritin, and other trace metals in neurodegenerative diseases affecting the basal ganglia. The Royal Kings and Queens Parkinson's Disease Research Group.

Dexter, DT; Jenner, P; Schapira, AH; Marsden, CD; (1992) Alterations in levels of iron, ferritin, and other trace metals in neurodegenerative diseases affecting the basal ganglia. The Royal Kings and Queens Parkinson's Disease Research Group. Ann Neurol , 32 Sup S94-100.

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Abstract

Previously we have shown that cell death in the substantia nigra (SN) in Parkinson's disease (PD) is associated with an increase in iron content but a decrease in the level of the iron-binding protein ferritin. Alterations in other metal ion levels were also observed; copper levels were reduced, whereas zinc levels were increased. The importance of these changes in iron, ferritin, and other metal ions in the pathophysiology of PD depends on whether they are specific to the illness. We measured levels of iron, copper, zinc, manganese, and ferritin in postmortem tissue from patients with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and multiple system atrophy (MSA) (which shows pathology in the SN and striatum) and Huntington's disease (HD) (which shows pathological changes in the striatum, compared with control subjects). Total iron levels were elevated in areas of the basal ganglia showing pathological changes in these disorders. In particular, total iron content was increased in SN in PD, PSP, and MSA, but not in HD. Total iron levels in the striatum (caudate nucleus and/or putamen) were increased in PSP, MSA, and HD, but not in PD. There were no consistent alterations in manganese levels in the basal ganglia in any of the diseases studied. Copper levels were decreased in the SN in PD and in the cerebellum in PSP, and were elevated in the putamen and possibly the SN in HD. Zinc levels were only increased in PD in the SN, the caudate nucleus, and the putamen.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Type: Article
Title: Alterations in levels of iron, ferritin, and other trace metals in neurodegenerative diseases affecting the basal ganglia. The Royal Kings and Queens Parkinson's Disease Research Group.
Location: United States
Keywords: Basal Ganglia Diseases, Copper, Ferritins, Humans, Iron, Manganese, Parkinson Disease, Trace Elements, Zinc
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Clinical and Movement Neurosciences
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/127703
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