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A new mouse mutant, skijumper

Hafezparast, M; Ball, S; Nicholson, SJ; Witherden, A; Arac, D; Broadway, N; Saggerson, D; ... Fisher, EMC; + view all (2002) A new mouse mutant, skijumper. MAMM GENOME , 13 (7) 359 - 364. 10.1007/s003350030008.

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Abstract

Low blood sugar levels are a well-known cause of severe illness and often death in newborn humans, especially those that are small for age. Few of the causes of neonatal hypoglycemia are known, and many remain to be found. We describe a novel mouse mutant, 'skijumper' (skimp), in which pups, despite feeding well, have low levels of glucose and develop opisthotonos, followed by death typically within a few days after birth. Genetic mapping studies have localized the lesion to a similar to1 cM interval on mouse Chromosome (Chr) 7 between D7Mit318 and D7Mit93. We have carried out extensive analysis to define the phenotype and its likely cause. In addition to low blood glucose, affected skijumper mice have lowglycogen and ketone levels. Mass spectrometric analysis of blood samples has excluded major defects in amino acid metabolism. Initial biochemical analyses suggested a defect in ketogenesis as one possible cause of this phenotype. However, measurements of levels and activities of carnitine, carnitine palmitoyl transferases, and other enzymes involved in ketogenesis, along with studies of mitochondrial structure and function, did not demonstrate significant differences between skijumper, unaffected littermates, and control wild-type mice. These results indicate that abnormal enzyme activity in known pathways does not appear to be the primary biochemical lesion in skijumper. The skijumper may be a new valuable model for studying and understanding one type of neonatal morbidity and death.

Type: Article
Title: A new mouse mutant, skijumper
DOI: 10.1007/s003350030008
Keywords: TANDEM MASS-SPECTROMETRY, CARNITINE PALMITOYLTRANSFERASE, DEFICIENCY, DIAGNOSIS, OXIDATION
UCL classification: UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Neurology
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Neurology > Neurodegenerative Diseases
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/126618
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