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Aspirin is not chemoprotective for Barrett's adenocarcinoma of the oesophagus in multicentre cohort

Gatenby, PA; Ramus, JR; Caygill, CP; Winslet, MC; Watson, A; (2009) Aspirin is not chemoprotective for Barrett's adenocarcinoma of the oesophagus in multicentre cohort. EUR J CANCER PREV , 18 (5) 381 - 384. 10.1097/CEJ.0b013e32832e0955.

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Abstract

Barrett's columnar-lined oesophagus is the precursor lesion for oesophageal adenocarcinoma. The overall rate of progression to adenocarcinoma is 0.59% per annum. A large prospective multicentre trial is recruiting to assess the role of aspirin as a chemoprotective agent in prevention of development of cancer as well as cardiovascular protection in patients with Barrett's oesophagus. This retrospective analysis of the large UK National Barrett's Oesophagus Registry database seeks to analyse this question from within its large natural history study cohort. Multicentre UK retrospective cohort compared patients known to have been taking aspirin with those who did not take aspirin during the course of surveillance for columnar-lined oesophagus. End point was development of dysplasia or oesophageal adenocarcinoma. Analysis was undertaken using Cox's proportional hazard ratio. Total follow-up was 3683 patient-years. Eighty-six patients were taking aspirin, 650 were not taking aspirin (reference group). Numbers of patients developing all grades of dysplasia and adenocarcinoma were: 13 aspirin (15.1%) and 97 no aspirin (14.9%) (hazard ratio 0.723, 95% confidence interval 0.410-1.310, P = 0.294), high-grade dysplasia and adenocarcinoma: five aspirin (5.8%) and 25 no aspirin (3.8%) (hazard ratio 0.898, 95% confidence interval 0.340-2.368, P = 0.827) and adenocarcinoma: four aspirin (4.7%) and 16 no aspirin (2.5%) (hazard ratio 1.092, 95% confidence interval 0.358-3.335, P = 0.877). No significant difference was observed in hazard of developing dysplasia or adenocarcinoma between patients taking aspirin and those not taking aspirin during the course of follow-up of surveillance for columnar-lined oesophagus. In conclusion, no difference in risk of development of dysplasia or adenocarcinoma was observed between patients taking aspirin and those not taking aspirin in this large cohort. European Journal of Cancer Prevention 18:381-384 (C) 2009 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Type:Article
Title:Aspirin is not chemoprotective for Barrett's adenocarcinoma of the oesophagus in multicentre cohort
DOI:10.1097/CEJ.0b013e32832e0955
Keywords:adenocarcinoma, aspirin, Barrett's oesophagus, chemoprevention, oesophageal cancer, prevention, NONSTEROIDAL ANTIINFLAMMATORY DRUGS, CYCLOOXYGENASE-2 EXPRESSION, RISK-FACTORS, CHEMOPREVENTION, SEQUENCE, CELECOXIB, PATIENT
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Surgery and Interventional Science (Division of)

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