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Non-myelin-forming Schwann cells proliferate rapidly during Wallerian degeneration in the rat sciatic nerve.

Clemence, A; Mirsky, R; Jessen, KR; (1989) Non-myelin-forming Schwann cells proliferate rapidly during Wallerian degeneration in the rat sciatic nerve. J Neurocytol , 18 (2) pp. 185-192.

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Abstract

Transection of a mixed peripheral nerve results in the degeneration of axons and breakdown of myelin in the distal stump. These events are accompanied by a sharp but transient Schwann cell proliferation. The present study seeks to determine whether both myelin-forming and non-myelin-forming Schwann cells enter a proliferative phase under these conditions, or whether the dividing cells are chiefly recruited from one or other of the Schwann cell populations. The macrophage recruitment into the transected distal stumps has also been timed and quantitated, since it has been suggested that macrophages are an important source of Schwann cell mitogens in degenerating peripheral nerves. Incorporation of [3H]-thymidine and autoradiography was used as a measure of cell proliferation, and cell type markers and immunohistochemistry were used to identify myelin-forming and non-myelin-forming Schwann cells. The cells were removed from the distal stump of the rat sciatic nerve and sympathetic trunk at various times after transection and proliferation measured during the first 24 h in culture. It was found that in the sciatic nerve, which contains a mixture of myelinated and unmyelinated fibres, both myelin-forming cells, identified by presence of the myelin protein Po, and non-myelin-forming cells (Po- cells) showed a substantial elevation in [3H]-thymidine labelling index at day 2 postoperatively, which was similar in magnitude for the two categories of cell. The proliferation rate of both Po+ and Po- cells remained elevated for up to 8 days after transection.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Type: Article
Title: Non-myelin-forming Schwann cells proliferate rapidly during Wallerian degeneration in the rat sciatic nerve.
Location: United States
Keywords: Animals, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Autoradiography, Cell Division, Cells, Cultured, Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Myelin Sheath, Nerve Degeneration, Peripheral Nervous System Diseases, Rats, Rats, Inbred Strains, Schwann Cells, Sciatic Nerve, Wallerian Degeneration
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Cell and Developmental Biology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/126248
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