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Recovered memories of trauma: Phenomenology and cognitive mechanisms

Brewin, CR; Andrews, B; (1998) Recovered memories of trauma: Phenomenology and cognitive mechanisms. CLIN PSYCHOL REV , 18 (8) 949 - 970.

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Abstract

We outline four current explanations for the reported forgetting of traumatic events, namely repression, dissociation, ordinary forgetting; and false memory. We then review the clinical and survey evidence on recovered memories, and consider experimental evidence that a variety of inhibitory processes are involved in everyday cognitive activity including-forgetting: The data currently available do not allow any of the four explanations to be rejected, and strongly support the likelihood that some recovered memories correspond to actual experiences. We propose replacing the terms repression and dissociation as explanations of forgetting with an account based on cognitive science. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science Ltd.

Type: Article
Title: Recovered memories of trauma: Phenomenology and cognitive mechanisms
Keywords: CHILDHOOD SEXUAL ABUSE, POSTTRAUMATIC-STRESS-DISORDER, INTRUSIVE MEMORIES, REPRESSED MEMORIES, EARLY EXPERIENCE, DELAYED RECALL, SELF, RETRIEVAL, AMNESIA, PRACTITIONERS
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/125422
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