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The organisation and content of trauma memories in survivors of road traffic accidents

Jones, C; Harvey, AG; Brewin, CR; (2007) The organisation and content of trauma memories in survivors of road traffic accidents. BEHAV RES THER , 45 (1) 151 - 162. 10.1016/j.brat.2006.02.004.

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Abstract

We investigated the trauma narratives of 131 road traffic accident survivors prospectively, at I week, 6 weeks, and 3 months post-trauma. At I and 6 weeks, narratives of survivors with acute stress disorder (ASD) or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were less coherent and included more dissociation content. By 3 months, their narratives also contained more repetition, more non-consecutive chunks, and more sensory words. Traumatic brain injury was associated with a separate characteristic, confusion, at all three time points. Three aspects of narrative organisation at I week-repetition, non-consecutive chunks, and coherence-predicted PTSD severity at 3 months after controlling for initial symptoms. The results suggest both a strong concurrent and predictive relationship between narrative disorganisation and ASD/PTSD but that as people recover from ASD, their narratives do not necessarily become less disorganised. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Type: Article
Title: The organisation and content of trauma memories in survivors of road traffic accidents
DOI: 10.1016/j.brat.2006.02.004
Keywords: PTSD, ASD, narrative memory, traumatic brain injury, POSTTRAUMATIC-STRESS-DISORDER, BRAIN-INJURY, HEAD-INJURY, DISSOCIATION, NARRATIVES, SYMPTOMS
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/125377
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