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Thought suppression, intelligence, and working memory capacity

Brewin, CR; Beaton, A; (2002) Thought suppression, intelligence, and working memory capacity. BEHAV RES THER , 40 (8) 923 - 930.

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Abstract

The importance of individual differences in intelligence and working memory capacity in predicting the ability to intentionally suppress thoughts was investigated. Sixty participants completed a thought suppression task, and measures of working memory capacity (OSPAN), fluid intelligence (Raven's Matrices), and crystallised intelligence (the National Adult Reading Test). As predicted, the results indicated that more effective thought suppression was independently related to higher working memory capacity and greater fluid intelligence, but was unrelated to crystallised intelligence. The findings have theoretical implications for understanding the mechanisms underlying a failure to inhibit unwanted intrusions and clinical implications for disorders involving high levels of intrusive thoughts and memories. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Type: Article
Title: Thought suppression, intelligence, and working memory capacity
Keywords: POSTTRAUMATIC-STRESS-DISORDER, INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES, COMPREHENSION, METAANALYSIS, DEPRESSION, FLUID
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/125351
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