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Marked increases in calcitonin gene-related peptide-containing nerves in the developing rat following long-term sympathectomy with guanethidine.

Aberdeen, J; Corr, L; Milner, P; Lincoln, J; Burnstock, G; (1990) Marked increases in calcitonin gene-related peptide-containing nerves in the developing rat following long-term sympathectomy with guanethidine. Neuroscience , 35 (1) pp. 175-184.

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Abstract

Changes in the innervation of the cardiovascular system, urinogenital tract and sympathetic and non-sympathetic ganglia have been examined following long-term sympathectomy. Patterns of innervation were investigated using histochemical and immunohistochemical techniques, while levels of noradrenaline and neuropeptides were measured by neurochemical assays. Large doses of guanethidine (50 mg/kg) were given daily for 3 weeks to 8-day-old rat pups, which were killed at 6 or 20 weeks of age. In both age groups noradrenergic nerves were severely depleted or absent, while in some regions dramatic increases of calcitonin gene-related peptide levels were demonstrated. This was revealed by an increase in the density of nerve fibres and in calcitonin gene-related peptide content (up to 18-fold), most notably in the right atrium and superior cervical ganglion. No changes in substance P- or vasoactive intestinal polypeptide-immunolabelled nerves were seen. Conversely, short-term sympathectomy by 6-hydroxy-dopamine treatment caused a depletion of noradrenaline which was not accompanied by an increase in the number or content of calcitonin gene-related peptide-immunolabelled nerves. The possibility that nerve growth factor is involved in the mechanism of hyperinnervation by calcitonin gene-related peptide-containing sensory nerves following long-term sympathectomy is discussed.

Type: Article
Title: Marked increases in calcitonin gene-related peptide-containing nerves in the developing rat following long-term sympathectomy with guanethidine.
Location: United States
Keywords: Adrenergic Fibers, Animals, Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide, Cardiovascular System, Guanethidine, Hydroxydopamines, Immunohistochemistry, Nervous System, Oxidopamine, Rats, Rats, Inbred Strains, Sympathectomy, Chemical, Urogenital System
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Cell and Developmental Biology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/124527
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