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INNERVATION OF NORMAL HUMAN SURAL AND OPTIC NERVES BY NORADRENALINE- AND PEPTIDE-CONTAINING NERVI VASORUM AND NERVORUM - EFFECT OF DIABETES AND ALCOHOLISM

LINCOLN, J; MILNER, P; APPENZELLER, O; BURNSTOCK, G; QUALLS, C; (1993) INNERVATION OF NORMAL HUMAN SURAL AND OPTIC NERVES BY NORADRENALINE- AND PEPTIDE-CONTAINING NERVI VASORUM AND NERVORUM - EFFECT OF DIABETES AND ALCOHOLISM. BRAIN RES , 632 (1-2) 48 - 56.

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Abstract

Histochemical, immunohistochemical and neurochemical techniques were used to examine the innervation of epineurial nerve sheaths and fascicular nerve bundles of human sural and optic nerves from controls and patients with peripheral neuropathy due to diabetes or alcoholism. The normal distribution of autonomic nerves in both nerve trunk sheaths consisted of a dense innervation by noradrenaline (NA)-containing nerves of the vasa nervorum, together with some fibres in the nervi nervorum. Intrafascicular NA-containing nerves were only present in the sural nerve. Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP)- and neuropeptide Y (NPY)-containing nerves also innervated the vasa nervorum and nervi nervorum of the nerve sheaths, although their density was considerably less. Substance P (SP)-containing nerves were sparse and primarily intrafascicular. Neurochemical assays for NA, VIP, NPY and SP in fascicular and epineurial preparations from the sural and optic nerves confirmed the light microscopical observations. Post mortem delay significantly affected the NA levels in the sural nerve but not in the optic nerve while the NA fascicular/epineurial ratio for the sural nerve was independent of this factor. Age, sex and the presence of alcohol at time of death had no effect on transmitter levels in normal sural nerves. In the optic nerve fascicles NA levels were higher in females than in males. In patients with peripheral neuropathy there was a significant reduction in the SP fascicular/epineurial ratio in both the optic nerve, which was histologically normal, and in the sural nerve, where there was evidence of neuropathy. The NA fascicular/epineuria1 ratio was also significantly reduced in the sural nerve from patients with peripheral neuropathy with a possible greater effect in diabetes. In the optic nerve, the presence of alcohol in the blood at the time of death was associated with an increase in the NA levels in alcoholics, but not in controls.

Type: Article
Title: INNERVATION OF NORMAL HUMAN SURAL AND OPTIC NERVES BY NORADRENALINE- AND PEPTIDE-CONTAINING NERVI VASORUM AND NERVORUM - EFFECT OF DIABETES AND ALCOHOLISM
Keywords: NERVI VASORUM, NERVI NERVORUM, NORADRENALINE, NEUROPEPTIDE, PERIPHERAL NEUROPATHY, VASA-NERVORUM, BLOOD-FLOW, AUTONOMIC NEUROPATHY, OXYGEN-TENSION, SCIATIC-NERVE, FOOT, RATS, ETHANOL, VESSELS, RETINOPATHY
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Cell and Developmental Biology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/124422
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