Boutet, A and De Frutos, CA and Maxwell, PH and Mayol, MJ and Romero, J and Nieto, MA (2006) Snail activation disrupts tissue homeostasis and induces fibrosis in the adult kidney. EMBO J , 25 (23) 5603 - 5613. 10.1038/sj.emboj.7601421.
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During embryonic development, the kidney epithelium originates from cells that undergo a mesenchymal to epithelial transition (MET). The reverse process, epithelium to mesenchyme transition (EMT), has been implicated in epithelial tumor progression and in the fibrosis that leads to end-stage kidney failure. Snail transcription factors induce both natural and pathological EMT, but their implication in renal development and disease is still unclear. We show that Snail genes are downregulated during the MET that occurs during renal development and that this is correlated with Cadherin-16 expression. Snail suppresses Cadherin-16 via the direct repression of the kidney differentiation factor HNF-1 beta, a novel route by which Snail disrupts epithelial homeostasis. Indeed, Snail activation is sufficient to induce EMT and kidney fibrosis in adult transgenic mice. Significantly, Snail is also activated in patients with renal fibrosis. Thus, Snail expression is suppressed during renal development and it must remain silent in the mature kidney where its aberrant activation leads to fibrosis.
|Title:||Snail activation disrupts tissue homeostasis and induces fibrosis in the adult kidney|
|Keywords:||cadherin-16, epithelial-mesenchymal transition, HNF-1 beta, renal fibrosis, Snail transcription factors, EPITHELIAL-MESENCHYMAL TRANSITION, HEPATOCYTE NUCLEAR FACTOR-1-BETA, TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR SNAIL, CADHERIN GENE PROMOTER, KSP-CADHERIN, RENAL FIBROSIS, TUBULOINTERSTITIAL FIBROSIS, NEURAL CREST, EXPRESSION, CELLS|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Medicine (Division of)|
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