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What difference did computers make?

Agar, J.; (2006) What difference did computers make? Social Studies of Science , 36 (6) pp. 869-907. 10.1177/0306312706073450.

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Abstract

This paper asks the question: what difference did access to computers make to the first generation of scientists to use them? While we do know something about the use of computers in particular scientific specialities, a comparative perspective across disciplines is revealing. So this paper casts the net wider, not only revisiting microphysics and X-ray crystallography, but also examining natural history and the implicit social science of government administration. It focuses on the period when computers were first introduced, since the novelty of the techniques caused scientists to reflect on the changes. This has the advantage, too, of bringing to light the important relationship between routinization of scientific work prior to computerization and computerization itself.

Type: Article
Title: What difference did computers make?
DOI: 10.1177/0306312706073450
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0306312706073450
Language: English
Keywords: Computers, computerization, government administration, routinization
UCL classification: UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Science and Technology Studies
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/12288
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