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A sugar transporter as a candidate for the outer hair cell motor

Geleoc, GSG; Casalotti, SO; Forge, A; Ashmore, JF; (1999) A sugar transporter as a candidate for the outer hair cell motor. NAT NEUROSCI , 2 (8) 713 - 719.

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Abstract

Forces developed by cochlear outer hair cells (OHCs) are responsible for the sharp tuning that underlies sensitivity and frequency selectivity in the ear. OHCs exhibit a voltage-dependent motility involving a 'motor' protein embedded in the basolateral membrane. The motor has so far resisted molecular identification. Here we provide evidence that it may be related to a fructose transporter. We show that OHCs are able to transport this sugar selectively and that the sugar alters electrical properties of the OHC motor. These data can be combined into an integrated model of a sugar carrier, that makes the novel prediction, demonstrated here, that such 'neutral' transporters can be voltage dependent.

Type: Article
Title: A sugar transporter as a candidate for the outer hair cell motor
Keywords: MOTILITY VOLTAGE SENSOR, GLUCOSE TRANSPORTERS, COCHLEAR AMPLIFIER, MEMBRANE CAPACITANCE, PLASMA-MEMBRANE, SHAPE CHANGES, PROTEINS, EXPRESSION, ERYTHROCYTE, MECHANISM
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > The Ear Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Neuro, Physiology and Pharmacology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/121727
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