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Comparison of pattern recognition methods in classifying high-resolution BOLD signals obtained at high magnetic field in monkeys

Ku, SP; Gretton, A; Macke, J; Logothetis, NK; (2008) Comparison of pattern recognition methods in classifying high-resolution BOLD signals obtained at high magnetic field in monkeys. MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING , 26 (7) 1007 - 1014. 10.1016/j.mri.2008.02.016.

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Abstract

Pattern recognition methods have shown that functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data can reveal significant information about brain activity. For example, in the debate of how object categories are represented in the brain, multivariate analysis has been used to provide evidence of a distributed encoding scheme [Science 293:5539 (2001) 2425-2430] Many follow-up studies have employed different methods to analyze human fMRI data with varying degrees of success [Nature reviews 7:7 (2006) 523-534]. In this study, we compare four popular patient recognition methods: correlation analysis, support-vector machines (SVM), linear discriminant analysis (LDA) and Gaussian naive Bayes (GNB), using data collected at high field (7 Tesla) with higher resolution than usual fMRI studies. We investigate prediction performance on single trials and for averages across varying numbers of stimulus presentations. The performance of the various algorithms depends on the nature of the brain activity being categorized: for several tasks, many of the methods work well, whereas for others, no method performs above chance level. An important factor in overall classification performance is careful preprocessing of the data, including dimensionality reduction, voxel selection and Outlier elimination. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Type:Article
Title:Comparison of pattern recognition methods in classifying high-resolution BOLD signals obtained at high magnetic field in monkeys
Location:Erice, ITALY
DOI:10.1016/j.mri.2008.02.016
Keywords:multivariate analysis, brain imaging, functional MRI, monkey, SVM, naive Bayes, linear discriminant analysis, correlation analysis, feature selection, high field, high resolution, VISUAL-CORTEX, BRAIN, OBJECTS, MACAQUE, FMRI, REPRESENTATIONS, STIMULI, HUMANS, FACES, AREA
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Gatsby Computational Neuroscience Unit

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