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Effect of retinoic acid on the resorptive activity of chick osteoclasts in vitro.

O'Neill, RP; Jones, SJ; Boyde, A; Taylor, ML; Arnett, TR; (1992) Effect of retinoic acid on the resorptive activity of chick osteoclasts in vitro. Bone , 13 (1) pp. 23-27.

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Abstract

Mixed cell suspensions mechanically isolated from the long-bones of day 20 prehatch chicks were cultured for 24 h on bone and sperm whale dentine slices in the presence of 0, 10, 100, and 1000 nM retinoic acid (RA). Significant inhibitions in the numbers of discrete lacunae resorbed per dentine slice, and in the ratio of lacunae per tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-positive multinuclear cell were observed with all concentrations of RA studied. Semi-automated, 3-dimensional analysis of 733 pits was performed on one series of experiments using a tandem scanning (confocal) microscope, interfaced to an image analyzing computer. The majority of lacunae were small and unilocular; the plan areas of 90% of control pits were below 500 microns 2. Small but statistically significant increases in lacunar areas, but not mean or maximum depths or volumes, were observed in the presence of 10 and 100 nM RA; however, these changes were much smaller than the magnitude of the decrease in pit numbers. Thus, the overall effect of RA in this system was inhibitory. Our findings contrast with the well known stimulatory action of retinoids on bone resorption both in vivo and in organ culture, but may parallel the inhibitory effects of prostaglandins observed in disaggregated osteoclast systems.

Type: Article
Title: Effect of retinoic acid on the resorptive activity of chick osteoclasts in vitro.
Location: United States
Keywords: Animals, Bone Resorption, Cells, Cultured, Chick Embryo, Osteoclasts, Tretinoin
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Cell and Developmental Biology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/120454
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