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Protein kinase C is involved in resistance to myocardial infarction induced by heat stress

Joyeux, M; Baxter, GF; Thomas, DL; Ribuot, C; Yellon, DM; (1997) Protein kinase C is involved in resistance to myocardial infarction induced by heat stress. J MOL CELL CARDIOL , 29 (12) 3311 - 3319.

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Abstract

Heat stress (HS) is known to protect against mechanical dysfunction and myocardial necrosis in myocardial ischemia-reperfusion models both in vivo and in vitro. However, the mechanisms involved in this form of cardioprotection remain unclear. Protein kinase C (PKC) and tyrosine kinase activation have both been shown to be involved in the delayed phase of protection following ischemic preconditioning, a phenomenon which appears to be analogous to HS-induced protection, Therefore, we investigated the role of PKC and tyrosine kinase in HS-induced resistance to myocardial infarction, in the isolated rat heart, The selective inhibitors chelerythrine (Che) and genistein (Gen) were used to inhibit PKC and tyrosine kinase, respectively.Rats were treated with Che (5 mg/kg, i.p.) or Gen (5 mg/kg, i.p.) or vehicle before they were either heat stressed (42 degrees C for 15 min) or sham anesthetized. Twenty-four h later their hearts were isolated, retrogradely perfused, and subjected to 35-min occlusion of the left coronary artery followed by 120-min of reperfusion, Infarct-to-risk ratio was significantly reduced in HS (19.9+/-1.1%) compared to sham (43.1+/-1.1%) hearts, This reduction in infarct size was abolished in chelerythrine-treated groups (43.8 +/- 1.9% in HS + Che v, 44.9 +/- 2.0% in sham + Cbe), but was conserved in genistein-treated groups (17.7 +/- 0.9% in HS + Gen v 36.4 +/- 2.8% in sham + Gen). In order to confirm that genistein at this dose was effectively inhibiting tyrosine kinase activity, we observed the ability of the agent to prevent the hypoglycemic responses to insulin in a separate group of anesthetised rats receiving an i.v. insulin infusion. Western blot analysis of the myocardial hsp72 showed a WS-induced increase of this protein, which was modified by neither the PKC inhibitor, chelerythrine, nor the tyrosine kinase inhibitor, genistein.We conclude that the activation of PKC, but not of tyrosine kinase, appears to play a role in the functional cardioprotection associated with the heat stress response. Although protection appears to be dissociated from induction of hsp72, further work is required to explore the importance of hsp 72 phosphorylation to cytoprotective activity of the protein. (C) 1997 Academic Press Limited.

Type:Article
Title:Protein kinase C is involved in resistance to myocardial infarction induced by heat stress
Keywords:heat stress, infarct size, protein kinase C, tyrosine kinase, heat stress protein, POSTISCHEMIC VENTRICULAR RECOVERY, DELAYED PROTECTION, RABBIT MYOCARDIUM, SHOCK RESPONSE, RAT HEARTS, ISCHEMIA, INDUCTION, REPERFUSION, INHIBITOR, INCREASES
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science

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