Anthelmintic resistance revisited: under-dosing, chemoprophylactic strategies, and mating probabilities.
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR PARASITOLOGY.
(pp. 77 - 91).
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Deterministic and stochastic models are used to examine the evolution of anthelmintic resistance among trichostrongylid parasite of domestic ruminants. We find that the relative selection pressures exerted by chemoprophylactic (preventive) control strategies, chemotherapeutic (salvage) control strategies, and regimens involving "under-dosing" are critically dependent on a variety of host and parasite parameters (particularly host immunity and grazing behaviour, parasite fecundity, and the survival of the free-living stages on the pasture). Chemoprophylactic strategies are not necessarily more likely to exert a stronger selection pressure than chemotherapeutic strategies. Similarly, as one reduces dosage levels, there is a range of dose levels where under-dosing promotes resistance and a range of dose levels where under-dosing impedes resistance. The most dangerous dose is either that necessary to kill all the susceptible homozygotes, or that necessary to kill all the susceptible homozygotes and all the heterozygotes. Which one prevails depends upon model parameters. The stochastic formulation indicates that spatial heterogeneity in transmission may be a significant force in promoting the spread of resistant genotypes-at least when infection is at low levels. (C) 1998 Australian Society for parasitology. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Title:||Anthelmintic resistance revisited: under-dosing, chemoprophylactic strategies, and mating probabilities|
|Event:||2nd International Conference on Novel Approaches to the control of Helminth Parasites of Livestock|
|Location:||BATON ROUGE, LA|
|Dates:||1998-03-22 - 1998-03-26|
|Keywords:||anthelmintic resistance, mathematical model, stochastic model, under-dosing, parasite distributions, spatial heterogeneity in transmission, INCOMING RADIOLABELED LARVAE, HAEMONCHUS-CONTORTUS, POPULATION BIOLOGY, OSTERTAGIA-OSTERTAGI, NEMATODE INFECTIONS, MATHEMATICAL-MODELS, IMMUNE EXCLUSION, COMPUTER-MODEL, SHEEP, PARASITE|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of BEAMS
UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
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