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The cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist, rimonabant, protects against acute myocardial infarction

Lim, SY; Davidson, SM; Yellon, DM; Smith, CCT; (2009) The cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist, rimonabant, protects against acute myocardial infarction. BASIC RES CARDIOL , 104 (6) 781 - 792. 10.1007/s00395-009-0034-2.

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Abstract

CB1 antagonism is associated with reduced doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity and decreased cerebrocortical infarction. Rimonabant, a selective CB1 receptor antagonist, was, before it was withdrawn, proposed as a treatment for obesity and reported to reduce cardiovascular risk by improving glucose and lipid profiles and raising adiponectin levels. The cardioprotective actions of rimonabant in 6-week-old C57BL/6J mice fed either high-fat (HFD) or standard diets (STD) for 8 weeks were investigated. At 14 weeks, mice received rimonabant (10 mg/kg/day, i.p.) or vehicle for 1 week and were then subjected to an in vivo acute myocardial infarction. The influence of rimonabant on infarct size (IS) in CB1 knockout (CB1-/-) and wild-type (CB1+/+) mice was also examined. C57BL/6J mice that had been maintained on STD or HFD exhibited 4.3 and 21.4% reductions in body weight following 7 days rimonabant treatment. Rimonabant reduced IS in both STD (29.6 +/- A 3.5% vs. 49.8 +/- A 6.9% in control, P < 0.05) and HFD (26.9 +/- A 1.5% vs. 48.7 +/- A 7% in control, P < 0.05) mice. In CB1-/- mice rimonabant failed to reduce body weight or IS (51.0 +/- A 5.3% vs. 49.7 +/- A 4.7% in control, P > 0.05), although significant reductions were seen in CB1+/+ mice (IS, 48.9 +/- A 4.6% control vs. 30.5 +/- A 3.1% rimonabant, P < 0.05). To exclude the possibility that weight loss alone induced cardioprotection, HFD mice were switched to STD for 7 days (HFD-STD), resulting in an 11.3 +/- A 1.0% decrease in body weight compared to control (+2.1 +/- A 1.1% in HFD). This, however, was not associated with IS reduction (39.1 +/- A 3.9% HFD-STD vs. 40.0 +/- A 5.3% HFD, P > 0.05). Serum and cardiac adiponectin levels were unaltered by rimonabant treatment. HL-1 cell death was not prevented by 1 or 7 days treatment with rimonabant. We conclude that rimonabant-induced infarct limitation may involve the CB1 receptor, although not necessarily cardiac CB1 receptors, and is unrelated to weight loss or altered adiponectin synthesis.

Type:Article
Title:The cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist, rimonabant, protects against acute myocardial infarction
DOI:10.1007/s00395-009-0034-2
Keywords:Cannabinoid, Rimonabant, Ischaemia, Reperfusion, Cardioprotection, ISCHEMIA-REPERFUSION INJURY, PERMEABILITY TRANSITION PORE, TERM CALORIC RESTRICTION, RAT ISOLATED HEARTS, ENDOGENOUS CANNABINOIDS, ISCHEMIA/REPERFUSION INJURY, INDUCED CARDIOPROTECTION, CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE, ADIPOSE-TISSUE, ADIPONECTIN
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science

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