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Surface structure of zinc oxide (1010), using an atomistic, semi-infinite treatment

Whitmore, L; Sokol, AA; Catlow, CRA; (2002) Surface structure of zinc oxide (1010), using an atomistic, semi-infinite treatment. SURF SCI , 498 (1-2) 135 - 146.

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Abstract

The surface structure of zinc oxide (1 0 (1) over bar 0) has been investigated computationally using new atomistic potentials in an effort to rationalise results of previous experimental and theoretical studies. We find that the uppermost zinc atoms have a significant relaxation towards the bulk (0.25 Angstrom) but the zinc atoms in the second layer show a significant relaxation away from the bulk (0.165 Angstrom), allowing them to appear as surface atoms. In agreement with recent ab initio results, only small relaxation is found for surface oxygen atoms. Our results suggest a high and variable concentration of dimer defects in both layers one and two, where the energetic cost for defect formation is very low, which promotes the likelihood of two-layer defects, consistent with the observed two-layer step height. The bulk termination is also subject to high concentrations of dimer vacancies which corresponds to recent findings of fractional occupations in the surface layers by Jedrecy et al. [Surf. Sci. 460 (2000) 136]. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Type:Article
Title:Surface structure of zinc oxide (1010), using an atomistic, semi-infinite treatment
Keywords:computer simulations, surface relaxation and reconstruction, zinc oxide, single crystal surfaces, surface defects, AB-INITIO, ZNO
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Chemistry

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