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Distinct novel mutations affecting the same base in the NIPA1 gene cause autosomal dominant hereditary spastic paraplegia in two Chinese families.
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Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by lower-limb spasticity, hyperreflexia, progressive spastic gait abnormalities, and an extensor-plantar response. It is genetically very heterogeneous, with 28 Human Genome Organisation (HUGO)-approved IDs in the database (last search: August 8, 2004). Following the identification of the SPG6 gene, NIPA1, we have identified two novel mutations, c.316G > C and c.316G > A, in two independent Chinese families linked to the SPG6 locus. These two mutations would cause a p.G106R substitution, and cosegregated with the disease. Structural predictions suggest that p.G106 is located in the third transmembrane domain of the protein, and that the mutant p.G106R disrupts this structure, causing the intramembrane loop to descend into the cytoplasm. Our results identify two novel mutations responsible for HSP and suggest that c.316 of the NIPA1 gene may be a mutational hotspot. (C) 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
|Title:||Distinct novel mutations affecting the same base in the NIPA1 gene cause autosomal dominant hereditary spastic paraplegia in two Chinese families|
|Keywords:||hereditary spastic paraplegia, HSP, ADHSP, SPG6, NIPA1, mutation, Chinese, SILVER-SYNDROME, LOCUS, PROTEIN, MAPS, SPG4, HETEROGENEITY, PARAPARESIS, PREDICTION, LINKAGE|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Medicine (Division of)|
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