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Outcome following haemodialysis catheter-related Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia

Peacock, SJ; Curtis, N; Berendt, AR; Bowler, ICJW; Winearls, CG; Maxwell, P; (1999) Outcome following haemodialysis catheter-related Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia. J HOSP INFECT , 41 (3) 223 - 228.

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Staphylococcus aureus is a frequent cause of haemodialysis access-related bacteraemia. The propensity for this organism to seed from the bloodstream to distant sites is well recognized, but the rate at which this occurs is poorly defined in patients with removable haemodialysis catheters. This retrospective study identified 47 patients with 50 episodes of S. aureus haemodialysis catheter-related bacteraemia between August 1993 and December 1995. Adverse events were recorded until February 1996. Thirty of 50 episodes (60%) were apparently uncomplicated. Bacterial seeding to heart valves or distant sites was documented in eight episodes (16%), of which six occurred during antibiotic therapy. A further 12 patients had persistent bacteraemia in the absence of a defined focus of infection, the last positive blood culture ranging from 2-19 days (mean 6.6, median 5) after removal of the haemodialysis catheter and commencing appropriate antibiotic treatment. The serious nature of this infection confirms the need for prevention, together with effective strategies for investigation and treatment in this patient population.

Type: Article
Title: Outcome following haemodialysis catheter-related Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia
Keywords: bacteraemia, catheter-related, haemodialysis, Staphylococcus aureus, outcome, SHORT-COURSE THERAPY, CHRONIC-HEMODIALYSIS, BACTEREMIA, INFECTION, COMPLICATIONS, MECHANISMS
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/118730
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