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Determination of the functionality of common APOA5 polymorphisms

Talmud, PJ; Palmen, J; Putt, W; Lins, L; Humphries, SE; (2005) Determination of the functionality of common APOA5 polymorphisms. J BIOL CHEM , 280 (31) 28215 - 28220. 10.1074/jbc.M502144200. Gold open access

Abstract

Common variants of APOA5 have consistently shown association with differences in plasma triglyceride (TG) levels. These single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) fall into three common haplotypes: APOA5*1, with common alleles at all sites; APOA5*2, with rare alleles of -1131T -> C, -3A -> G, 751G -> T, and 1891T -> C; and APOA5*3, distinguished by the c56C -> G (S19W). Molecular modeling of the apoAV signal peptide (SP) showed an increased angle of insertion (65 degrees) at the lipid/water interface of Trp-19 SP compared with Ser-19 SP (40 degrees), predicting reduced translocation. This was confirmed by 50% reduction of Trp-19-encoded SP center dot secretory alkaline phosphatase (SEAP) fusion protein secreted into the medium from HepG2 cells compared with the Ser-19 center dot SEAP fusion protein (p < 0.002). Considering APOA5*2 SNPs, there was no significant difference in the relative luciferase expression in Huh7 cells transiently transfected with a -1131T construct compared with the -1131C (fragments -1177 to -516 or -1177 to -3). Similarly, for the -3A -> G in the Kozak sequence, in vitro transcription/translation assays and primer extension inhibition assays showed no alternate AUG initiation codon usage, demonstrating that -3A -> G did not influence translation efficiency. Although 1891T -> C in the 3'-untranslated region disrupts a putative Oct-1 transcription factor binding site, when inserted 3' of the luciferase gene the T -> C change demonstrated no significant difference in luciferase expression. Thus, association of APOA5*2 SNPs with TG levels is not due to the individual effects of any of these SNPs, although cooperativity between the SNPs cannot be excluded. Alternatively, the effect on TG levels may reflect the strong linkage disequilibrium with the functional APOC3 SNPs.

Type: Article
Title: Determination of the functionality of common APOA5 polymorphisms
Open access status: An open access publication
DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M502144200
Keywords: APOLIPOPROTEIN A-V, B SIGNAL PEPTIDE, APOA1/C3/A4/A5 GENE-CLUSTER, PLASMA TRIGLYCERIDES, INITIATOR CODONS, VARIANTS, ASSOCIATION, SEQUENCE, MUTATION, HYPERTRIGLYCERIDEMIA
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Centre for Cardiovascular Genetics
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/118653
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