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Minimal residual disease is a significant predictor of treatment failure in non T-lineage adult acute lymphoblastic leukaemia: final results of the international trial UKALL XII/ECOG2993

Patel, B; Rai, L; Buck, G; Richards, SM; Mortuza, Y; Mitchell, W; Gerrard, G; ... Foroni, L; + view all (2010) Minimal residual disease is a significant predictor of treatment failure in non T-lineage adult acute lymphoblastic leukaemia: final results of the international trial UKALL XII/ECOG2993. BRIT J HAEMATOL , 148 (1) 80 - 89. 10.1111/j.1365-2141.2009.07941.x.

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Abstract

P>The predictive value of molecular minimal residual disease (MRD) monitoring using polymerase chain reaction amplification of clone-specific immunoglobulin or T-cell Receptor rearrangements was analysed in 161 patients with non T-lineage Philadelphia-negative acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) participating in the UK arm of the international ALL trial UKALL XII/Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) 2993. MRD positivity (>= 10-4) in patients treated with chemotherapy alone was associated with significantly shorter relapse-free survival (RFS) at several time-points during the first year of therapy. MRD status best discriminated outcome after phase 2 induction, when the relative risk of relapse was 8 center dot 95 (2 center dot 85-28 center dot 09)-fold higher in MRD-positive (>= 10-4) patients and the 5-year RFS 15% [95% confidence interval (CI) 0-40%] compared to 71% (56-85%) in MRD-negative (< 10-4) patients (P = 0 center dot 0002) When MRD was detected prior to autologous stem cell transplantation (SCT), a significantly higher rate of treatment failure was observed [5-year RFS 25% (CI 0-55%) vs. 77% (95% CI 54-100%) in MRD-negative/< 10-4, P = 0 center dot 01] whereas in recipients of allogeneic-SCT in first complete remission, MRD positivity pre-transplant did not adversely affect outcome. These data provide a rationale for introducing MRD-based risk stratification in future studies for the delineation of those at significant risk of treatment failure in whom intensification of therapy should be evaluated.

Type: Article
Title: Minimal residual disease is a significant predictor of treatment failure in non T-lineage adult acute lymphoblastic leukaemia: final results of the international trial UKALL XII/ECOG2993
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2141.2009.07941.x
Keywords: acute leukaemia, minimal residual disease, acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, stem cell transplantation, risk factors, BONE-MARROW-TRANSPLANTATION, TIME QUANTITATIVE PCR, ALLOGENEIC TRANSPLANTATION, CLINICAL-SIGNIFICANCE, GENE REARRANGEMENTS, COMPLETE REMISSION, IMMUNOGLOBULIN, QUANTIFICATION, RELAPSE, CHEMOTHERAPY
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Haematology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Pathology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/118394
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