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Cryovolcanic features on Titan's surface as revealed by the Cassini Titan Radar Mapper

Lopes, RMC; Mitchell, KL; Stofan, ER; Lunine, JI; Lorenz, R; Paganelli, F; ... Zebker, HA; + view all (2007) Cryovolcanic features on Titan's surface as revealed by the Cassini Titan Radar Mapper. ICARUS , 186 (2) 395 - 412. 10.1016/j.icarus.2006.09.006.

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Abstract

The Cassini Titan Radar Mapper obtained Synthetic Aperture Radar images of Titan's surface during four fly-bys during the mission's first year. These images show that Titan's surface is very complex geologically, showing evidence of major planetary geologic processes, including cryovolcanism. This paper discusses the variety of cryovolcanic features identified from SAR images, their possible origin, and their geologic context. The features which we identify as cryovolcanic in origin include a large (180 km diameter) volcanic construct (dome or shield), several extensive flows, and three calderas which appear to be the source of flows. The composition of the cryomagma on Titan is still unknown, but constraints on rheological properties can be estimated using flow thickness. Rheological properties of one flow were estimated and appear inconsistent with ammonia-water slurries, and possibly more consistent with ammonia-water-methanol slurries. The extent of cryovolcanism on Titan is still not known, as only a small fraction of the surface has been imaged at sufficient resolution. Energetic considerations suggest that cryovolcanism may have been a dominant process in the resurfacing of Titan. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Type:Article
Title:Cryovolcanic features on Titan's surface as revealed by the Cassini Titan Radar Mapper
DOI:10.1016/j.icarus.2006.09.006
Keywords:titan, volcanism, satellites of Saturn, STEEP-SIDED DOMES, PLANETOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS, INTERNAL STRUCTURE, HUYGENS PROBE, LAVA FLOWS, EMPLACEMENT, VENUS, EUROPA, LIQUID, ATMOSPHERE
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Earth Sciences

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