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A common functional variant in the interleukin-6 gene is associated with increased body mass index in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Stephens, JW; Hurel, SJ; Cooper, JA; Acharya, J; Miller, GJ; Humphries, SE; (2004) A common functional variant in the interleukin-6 gene is associated with increased body mass index in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus. MOL GENET METAB , 82 (2) 180 - 186. 10.1016/j.ymgme.2004.04.001.

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Abstract

Circulating levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) are raised in insulin resistant states such as obesity, impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Growing evidence suggests that IL-6 is not only produced by fat cells but is also capable of inducing insulin resistance in these cells. The expected result of this in vivo, would be to increase adipose mass and subsequently body mass index (BM 1). The IL-6 - 174G > C common functional gene variant has consistently been associated with increased plasma IL-6, insulin resistance, and increased cardiovascular risk. We looked at the association between genotype and BMI in 571 Caucasian subjects with T2DM. There was a significant linear association between genotype and BMI: Median (interquartile range) GG 28.8 kg/m(2) (26.0-31.6) vs GC; 29.4 kg/m(2) (26.3-32.5) vs CC; 30.4 kg/m(2) (26.1-33.0), p = 0.05. When the group was divided by the median BM 1 (29.1 kg/m(2)), 62% of -174CC subjects were in the higher group compared to 38% in the lower group (p = 0.008). By contrast, in 2652 non-diabetic Caucasian men with a median BMI of 26.1 kg/m(2), there was no difference in genotype distribution (p = 0.288). The frequency of the -174C allele was lower in type 2 diabetes compared to the non-diabetic men (-174C allele frequency: 0.35[0.33-0.38] vs 0.43[0.42-0.45], p < 0.00001; -174CC homozygotes: 12.3 vs 18.3%, respectively). The -174C allele is associated with higher BMI in type 2 diabetes, but not amongst healthy subjects. The increased cardiovascular risk associated with the -174C allele may account for the lower frequency of this allele in those with type 2 diabetes. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Type:Article
Title:A common functional variant in the interleukin-6 gene is associated with increased body mass index in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus
DOI:10.1016/j.ymgme.2004.04.001
Keywords:SCOTLAND CORONARY PREVENTION, IMPAIRED GLUCOSE-TOLERANCE, G/C PROMOTER POLYMORPHISM, ADIPOSE-TISSUE, LIFE-STYLE, INSULIN-RESISTANCE, PLASMA-LEVELS, HEALTHY-MEN, IL-6 GENE, IN-VIVO
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science

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