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VISCEROSYMPATHETIC REFLEX RESPONSES TO MECHANICAL STIMULATION OF PELVIC VISCERA IN THE CAT

HABLER, HJ; HILBERS, K; JANIG, W; KOLTZENBURG, M; KUMMEL, H; LOBENBERGKHOSRAVI, N; MICHAELIS, M; (1992) VISCEROSYMPATHETIC REFLEX RESPONSES TO MECHANICAL STIMULATION OF PELVIC VISCERA IN THE CAT. J AUTONOM NERV SYST , 38 (2) 147 - 158.

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Abstract

Viscero-sympathetic reflex responses to mechanical stimulation of urinary bladder and colon were studied in cutaneous vasoconstrictor (CVC) neurones supplying hairy skin, in muscle vasoconstrictor (MVC) neurones supplying skeletal muscle and in sudomotor (SM) neurones supplying the sweat glands of the central paw pad of the cat hindlimb. The cats were anaesthetized, paralysed and artificially ventilated. The vasoconstrictor activity was recorded from the axons of the postganglionic fibres that were isolated in filaments from the respective peripheral hindlimb nerves. The activity in the sudomotor neurones was monitored by recording the fast skin potential changes occurring on the surface of the central paw pad. Afferents from the urinary bladder and from the colon were stimulated by isotonic distension and isovolumetric contraction of the organs. Most CVC neurones with ongoing activity were inhibited by these stimuli; only a few CVC neurones were excited. The MVC and SM neurones were generally excited by the visceral stimuli, yet the size of the evoked skin potential changes was variable. The reflex responses elicited in the sympathetic outflow to the cat hindlimb by stimulation of visceral afferents from the pelvic organs are uniform with respect to the different types of afferent input system but differentiated with respect to the efferent output systems. Graded stimulation of the visceral afferents from the urinary bladder by isotonic pressure steps elicited graded reflex responses in CVC (threshold < 30 mmHg) and MVC neurones (threshold < 20 mmHg) and a graded increase of the arterial blood pressure (threshold < 20 mmHg). These graded reflex responses are closely related to the quantitative activation of sacral afferent neurones with thin myelinated axons innervating the urinary bladder that are also responsible for eliciting the micturition reflex, but not to the quantitative activation of sacral afferent neurones with unmyelinated axons. The latter have thresholds of 40-50 mmHg intravesical pressure at which the size of the vesico-sympathetic reflexes in the vasoconstrictor neurones was about 50% of maximal size. This does not exclude the fact that activation of unmyelinated vesical afferents contributes to the vesico-sympathetic reflexes.

Type: Article
Title: VISCEROSYMPATHETIC REFLEX RESPONSES TO MECHANICAL STIMULATION OF PELVIC VISCERA IN THE CAT
Keywords: SYMPATHETIC VASOCONSTRICTOR NEURON, LUMBAR SYMPATHETIC OUTFLOW, VISCEROSYMPATHETIC REFLEX, BRAIN-INTACT CAT, UNMYELINATED AFFERENT-FIBERS, URINARY-BLADDER, DISTENSION, COLON, INFLAMMATION, ACTIVATION, HINDLIMB, NERVES, MUSCLE, SKIN
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Clinical and Movement Neurosciences
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/116309
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