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Soilscape and land-use evolution related to drift sand movements since the bronze age in Eastern Jutland, Denmark

Mikkelsen, JH; Langohr, R; Macphail, RI; (2007) Soilscape and land-use evolution related to drift sand movements since the bronze age in Eastern Jutland, Denmark. GEOARCHAEOLOGY , 22 (2) 155 - 179. 10.1002/gea.20162.

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Abstract

Quarry faces several kilometers long in the Glesborg area in Denmark show that Bronze Age farmers used a sustainable land-use system. Despite nutrient-poor soils, the Glesborg area was under a rotation system in which cropland alternated with grassland. Soil fertility was improved by the addition of household waste and probably also by locally obtained inorganic fertilizer. The soil surface was very stable, and local drift sand movement was limited. Toward the end of the Bronze Age, the landscape changed dramatically with the arrival of overwhelming amounts of drift sand, and farmsteads were abandoned. Subsequent land use on these poor fine sandy soils was no longer capable of maintaining a stable soil surface, and frequent erosion/sedimentation events of more local importance took place. The post-Bronze Age landscape may have been mainly a shifting mosaic of heathland with some temporary arable fields and deflation/accumulation areas. This landscape persisted up to about 200 years ago, when afforestation programs started. (c) 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Type: Article
Title: Soilscape and land-use evolution related to drift sand movements since the bronze age in Eastern Jutland, Denmark
DOI: 10.1002/gea.20162
Keywords: SOIL, EUROPE, PODZOL
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/116269
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