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Electronic, structural, and magnetic effects of 3d transition metals in hematite

Huda, MN; Walsh, A; Yan, YF; Wei, SH; Al-Jassim, MM; (2010) Electronic, structural, and magnetic effects of 3d transition metals in hematite. J APPL PHYS , 107 (12) , Article 123712. 10.1063/1.3432736.

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Abstract

We present a density-functional theory study on the electronic structure of pure and 3d transition metal (TM) (Sc, Ti, Cr, Mn, and Ni) incorporated alpha-Fe2O3. We find that the incorporation of 3d TMs in alpha-Fe2O3 has two main effect such as: (1) the valence and conduction band edges are modified. In particular, the incorporation of Ti provides electron carriers and reduces the electron effective mass, which will improve the electrical conductivity of alpha-Fe2O3. (2) The unit cell volume changes systematically such as: the incorporation of Sc increases the volume, whereas the incorporation of Ti, Cr, Mn, and Ni reduces the volume monotonically, which can affect the hopping probability of localized charge carriers (polarons). We discuss the importance of these results in terms of the utilization of hematite as a visible-light photocatalyst. (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3432736]

Type:Article
Title:Electronic, structural, and magnetic effects of 3d transition metals in hematite
DOI:10.1063/1.3432736
Keywords:TOTAL-ENERGY CALCULATIONS, AUGMENTED-WAVE METHOD, THIN-FILMS, BASIS-SET, WATER, OXIDE, EFFICIENCY
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Chemistry

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