UCL logo

UCL Discovery

UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Adaptation of microorganisms and their transport systems to high temperatures

Tolner, B; Poolman, B; Konings, WN; (1997) Adaptation of microorganisms and their transport systems to high temperatures. COMP BIOCHEM PHYS A , 118 (3) 423 - 428.

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Growth of Bacteria and Archaea has been observed at temperatures up to 95 and 110 degrees C, respectively. These thermophiles are adapted to environments of high temperature by changes in the membrane lipid composition, higher thermostabilities of the (membrane) proteins, higher turnover rates of the energy transducing enzymes, and/or the (exclusive) use of sodium-ions rather than protons as coupling ion in energy transduction. The proton permeability of the cytoplasmic membrane of bacteria and archaea was observed to increase with the temperature. This increased proton permeability limits the maximum temperature of growth of bacteria. Higher growth temperatures can be reached by an increased proton pumping activity by using the less permeable sodium ions as coupling ions or by changing the lipid composition of the cytoplasmic membrane. The Na+/H+/glutamate transport proteins of the thermophiles Bacillus stearothermophilus (GltT(Bc)) and Bacillus caldotenax (GltT(Bc)) were studied extensively. These transportproteins have unique features. Transport of L-glutamate occurs in symport with 1 Na+ and 1 H+ when the transport proteins are expressed in their natural environment. The sodium ion dependency of the GltT transporters of these Bacillus strains was found to increase with temperature. However, when the GltT proteins are expressed in the mesophile Escherichia coli, electrogenic symport of L-glutamate occurs with greater than or equal to 2 H+. These observations suggest that the conformation of the transport proteins in the E. coli and the Bacillus membranes differs, and that the conformation influences the coupling ion selectivity. The Na+/H+/glutamate transport proteins of B. stearothermophilus (GltT(Bc)) and B. caldotenax (GltT(Bc)) are homologous to transport systems of glutamate and structurally related compounds from mesophilic organisms. Both sodium, as well as proton coupled transporters, belong to this family of carboxylate transporters (FCT). (C) 1997 Elsevier Science Inc.

Type: Article
Title: Adaptation of microorganisms and their transport systems to high temperatures
Keywords: thermophile, thermostability, membranes, cation-selectivity, glutamate transport, ESCHERICHIA-COLI, GLUTAMATE TRANSPORTERS, THERMOPHILIC BACILLUS, GROWTH TEMPERATURE, FUNCTIONAL EXPRESSION, ENERGY TRANSDUCTION, THERMAL ADAPTATION, CONTINUOUS CULTURE, MEMBRANE-LIPIDS, BACTERIA
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Oncology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/114656
Downloads since deposit
0Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item