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Intimin, tir, and Shiga toxin 1 do not influence enteropathogenic responses to Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli in bovine ligated intestinal loops.
Infection and Immunity
945 - 952.
Shiga toxin-producing Escherchia coli (STEC) comprises a group of attaching and effacing (A/E) enteric pathogens of animals and humans. Natural and experimental infection of calves with STEC may result in acute enteritis or subclinical infection, depending on serotype- and host-specific factors. To quantify intestinal secretory and inflammatory responses to STEC in the bovine intestine, serotypes that are associated with human disease (O103:H2 and O157:H7) were introduced into ligated mid- ileal loops in gnotobiotic and conventional calves, and fluid accumulation and recruitment of radiolabeled neutrophils were measured after 12 h. STEC serotype O103:H2, but not serotype 0157:H7, elicited strong enteropathogenic responses. To determine if the inflammatory response to STEC O103:H2 in calves requires Shiga toxin I or intimate bacterial attachment to the intestinal epithelium, defined mutations were made in the stx1, eae, and tir genes. Our data indicate that some STEC induce intestinal inflammatory responses in calves by a mechanism that is independent of A/E-lesion formation, intimin, or Shiga toxin 1. This may have implications for strategies to reduce STEC carriage in cattle
|Title:||Intimin, tir, and Shiga toxin 1 do not influence enteropathogenic responses to Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli in bovine ligated intestinal loops|
|Additional information:||Journal English Article AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY FEB 516LY WASHINGTON INFEC IMMUNITY 1752 N ST NW, WASHINGTON, DC 20036-2904 USA|
|Keywords:||ACCUMULATION, Animal, Animals, ATTACHING/EFFACING LESIONS, attachment, BACTERIAL, CALVES, CARRIAGE, Cattle, COLONIC HYPERPLASIA, disease, DO, EFFACING LESIONS, English, Enteritis, enteropathogenic, EPITHELIA, EPITHELIAL-CELLS, Epithelium, Escherichia coli, ESCHERICHIA-COLI, experimental, EXPERIMENTAL-INFECTION, factors, fluid, formation, GENE, Genes, GRAM-NEGATIVE BACTERIA, HUMAN-DISEASE, HUMANS, ILEAL, Immunity, In-vitro, INDICATE, INDUCE, Infection, INFLAMMATORY RESPONSE, intestinal, INTESTINAL EPITHELIUM, intestine, intimin, LOOP, May, MECHANISM, microbiology, Mutation, MUTATIONS, N, neutrophil, neutrophils, O157-H7 REQUIRES INTIMIN, Pathogen, PATHOGENS, RECRUITMENT, response, RESPONSES, Result, serotype, ST, strategies, strategy, SUICIDE VECTOR, Tir, TISSUE- CULTURE CELLS, TOXIN, USA|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Child Health|
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