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Ten-year changes in sun protection behaviors and beliefs of young adults in 13 European countries

Peacey, V; Steptoe, A; Sandennan, R; Wardle, J; (2006) Ten-year changes in sun protection behaviors and beliefs of young adults in 13 European countries. PREV MED , 43 (6) 460 - 465. 10.1016/j.ypmed.2006.07.010.

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Abstract

Objective. Sun protection behaviors are important to the prevention of skin cancers, but little is known about changes over time in attitudes and behavior.Methods. Cross-sectional surveys were carried out among university students in thirteen European countries in 1990 (n = 10,241) and 2000 (n = 10,161). Sun protection behavior and beliefs about the importance of sunscreen use for health were measured.Results. There was little change in the proportion of men and women who sunbathed, but use of sun protection increased over the 10-year interval from 52% to 63% in men and 80% to 87% in women. There was wide variation in sun protection use and strength of health beliefs between countries. The association between strength of beliefs and behavior was more marked in 2000 than 1990. Sun protection behavior was positively associated with the socioeconomic background of participants.Conclusion. The use of sunscreen increased among educated young Europeans from several countries over the 1990s, but important sex differences remain. Awareness of the risk to health of unprotected sunbathing is high, but there is scope of strengthening attitudes to sunscreen use. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Type: Article
Title: Ten-year changes in sun protection behaviors and beliefs of young adults in 13 European countries
DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2006.07.010
Keywords: skin cancer, sunscreens, sunbathing, health behavior, Europe, beliefs, health promotion, UNIVERSITY-STUDENTS, CUTANEOUS MELANOMA, SKIN-CANCER, GENDER-DIFFERENCES, SUNSCREEN USE, HEALTH, KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES, AWARENESS, EXPOSURE
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Behavioural Science and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/114381
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