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Inflammatory response to coronary artery bypass surgery: Does the heme-oxygenase-1 gene microsatellite polymorphism play a role?

Li, P; Sanders, J; Hawe, E; Brull, D; Montgomery, H; Humphries, S; (2005) Inflammatory response to coronary artery bypass surgery: Does the heme-oxygenase-1 gene microsatellite polymorphism play a role? Chinese Medical Journal , 118 (15) pp. 1285-1290.

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Abstract

Background: Heme-oxygenase 1 (HO-1) is a rate-limiting enzyme in the degradation of heme to bilirubin, ferritin and carbon monoxide (CO) and may have significant anti-inflammatory function. The HO-1 gene promoter region shows microsatellite polymorphism with different (GT) n repeats, reported to differently induce gene expression, with the short allele associated with higher gene expression. We measured the acute inflammatory response using coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) as a well-characterized and uniform stimulus and examined the correlation between levels of IL-6, C-reactive protein (CRP) and fibrinogen and their relationship to HO-1 genotype. Methods: Two hundred and seventy-five consecutive patients undergoing CABG were genotyped for the HO-1 promoter polymorphism using PCR and automated DNA capillary sequencer. IL-6, CRP and fibrinogen were measured at baseline and 6, 24, 48, 72, 96 and 120 hours after CABG. Results: Complete IL-6, CRP and fibrinogen measures were available in 220 patients. Before surgery IL-6 levels showed a strong correlation with CRP and fibrinogen (r = 0.48, P < 0.0001; r = 0.41, P < 0.0001 respectively), with a significant correlation between CRP and fibrinogen (r = 0.61, P < 0.0001). All three acute phase reactants showed a significant increase after CABG. After surgery, peak IL-6 was strongly correlated with peak CRP (r = 0.34, P = 0.0009) but not with peak fibrinogen (r = 0.15, P = 0.13), while peak CRP and peak fibrinogen were significantly correlated (r = 0.415, P < 0.0001). HO-1 allelic repeats ranged from 22-42, with (GT)25 and (GT)32 being the two most common alleles, and subsequently divided into three groups according to previous published work: < 30 (GT) n were designated as S (short), 30-37 (GT) n as M (middle) and long repeats with >37 (GT) n as L (long); allele frequency 0.35, 0.58 and 0.07 respectively. Baseline CRP differed by genotype: those carrying at least one long allele having higher CRP than those with no long allele (3.76 ± 0.79 vs. 2.07 ± 0.17, P = 0.013). Conversely, those carrying at least one short allele had higher fibrinogen levels than those with no short allele (3.83 ± 0.79 vs. 3.51 ± 0.88, P = 0.006). Conclusions: There is a strong correlation between the measured acute phase reactants both at baseline and after the inflammatory response to CABG in patients with coronary disease. There was an association between the HO-1 microsatellite polymorphism and CRP and fibrinogen levels at baseline but there was no similar association following CABG. This may indicate that HO-1 is associated with chronic atherosclerotic inflammatory processes rather than acute.

Type: Article
Title: Inflammatory response to coronary artery bypass surgery: Does the heme-oxygenase-1 gene microsatellite polymorphism play a role?
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Internal Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > NICOR
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/113071
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