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LOCALIZED CA2+ ENTRY PREFERENTIALLY EFFECTS PROTEIN DEPHOSPHORYLATION, PHOSPHORYLATION, AND GLUTAMATE RELEASE

SIHRA, TS; BOGONEZ, E; NICHOLLS, DG; (1992) LOCALIZED CA2+ ENTRY PREFERENTIALLY EFFECTS PROTEIN DEPHOSPHORYLATION, PHOSPHORYLATION, AND GLUTAMATE RELEASE. J BIOL CHEM , 267 (3) 1983 - 1989. Gold open access

Abstract

The release of neurotransmitter glutamate from isolated nerve terminals (synaptosomes) was found to be tightly coupled to the entry of Ca2+ through voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels, but is relatively unresponsive to "bulk" increases in cytosolic Ca2+ concentrations ([Ca2+]c) effected by Ca2+ ionophore. Under the same conditions, this dependence on Ca2+ influx, specifically through Ca2+ channels, was also seen for the dephosphorylation of a 96-kDa protein, (P96), present in the nerve terminals, as well as the phosphorylation of proteins migrating at 75 kDa (P75), corresponding to the synapsins, a group of well characterized synaptic vesicle-associated proteins. P96 dephosphorylation, following Ca2+ influx, was persistent and insensitive to the phosphatase inhibitor okadaic acid, suggesting a phosphatase other than protein phosphatase 1 and 2A as being responsible. Perhaps through the same phosphatase activity the increase in P75 phosphorylation was rapidly reversed with a time course similar to P96 dephosphorylation. When release, P96 dephosphorylation, and P75 phosphorylation were considered as functions of the [Ca2+]c increases achieved by depolarization and Ca2+ ionophore, there was no correlation of any of these with the overall concentration of Ca2+ in the cytosol. Since the fura-2 method used to measure [Ca2+] gives an averaged [Ca2+]c, these results imply that the release and protein dephosphorylation events are functionally coupled to local [Ca2+]c, in the immediate vicinity of Ca2+ channels. The reported clustering of the latter at the active zone area of the synapse and the parallelism between synaptic vesicle exocytosis and the phosphorylation of synaptic vesicle-associated proteins (p75:synapsins Ia/Ib), suggests that P96 may be similarly localized at the active zone area and, therefore, may be of significance in a modulatory role in glutamate release.

Type: Article
Title: LOCALIZED CA2+ ENTRY PREFERENTIALLY EFFECTS PROTEIN DEPHOSPHORYLATION, PHOSPHORYLATION, AND GLUTAMATE RELEASE
Open access status: An open access publication
Publisher version: http://www.jbc.org/content/early/recent/0
Keywords: ISOLATED NERVE-TERMINALS, SYNAPTIC TRANSMITTER RELEASE, RAT CORTICAL SYNAPTOSOMES, CYTOSOLIC FREE CA-2+, SYNAPSIN-I, CALCIUM INFLUX, ACTIVE ZONES, DEPOLARIZATION, TRANSLOCATION, CHANNELS
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Neuro, Physiology and Pharmacology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/112525
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