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Socio-demographic predictors of quitting smoking: how important are household factors?

Chandola, T; Head, J; Bartley, M; (2004) Socio-demographic predictors of quitting smoking: how important are household factors? ADDICTION , 99 (6) 770 - 777. 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2004.00756.x.

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Abstract

Aims To compare different socio-demographic predictors of quitting smoking in a cohort representative of adult smokers in the British population using appropriate models that take into account the clustering of smoking behaviours at the household and area levels.Design A longitudinal, population representative survey of British adults (the British Household Panel Survey, BHPS) from 1991 to 2000.Setting and participants At wave 1 of the BHPS, 10264 adults living in 5511 households were interviewed. Around 30% of the wave 1 respondents reported smoking cigarettes. Of these, 21% had quit smoking over a 10-year period.Measurements 'Quitters' (quitting smoking) were defined as smokers who had subsequently described themselves as non-smokers for at least 2 consecutive waves (years) of the BHPS. Degree of dependence was indexed using the number of cigarettes currently smoked per day.Findings Degree of dependence was the strongest predictor of quitting smoking, followed by occupational social class, social support, marital status and the proportion of smokers in the household. There was some evidence of clustering of quitting smoking behaviour within households-members of the same household had similar quitting smoking behaviours. This clustering at the household level appeared to be explained by mechanisms related to the household level. However, there was little evidence for clustering of smoking behaviour within areas.Conclusions In addition to reducing addiction to cigarettes, policies designed to encourage smokers to quit may need to take into account factors related to household support and employment relations, in order to encourage smokers from all socio-demographic groups to quit.

Type: Article
Title: Socio-demographic predictors of quitting smoking: how important are household factors?
DOI: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2004.00756.x
Keywords: addiction, households, smoking cessation, social class, GENERAL-POPULATION, HEALTH, CESSATION, PATTERNS, INEQUALITIES, DEPRIVATION, PEOPLE, COHORT
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/111834
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