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The effect of acute aerobic exercise on stress related blood pressure responses: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Hamer, M; Taylor, A; Steptoe, A; (2006) The effect of acute aerobic exercise on stress related blood pressure responses: A systematic review and meta-analysis. BIOL PSYCHOL , 71 (2) 183 - 190. 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2005.04.004.

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Abstract

The beneficial impact of regular exercise on cardiovascular health is partly mediated by psychobiological mechanisms. However, the effect of acute exercise on psychobiological responses is unclear. Thus, we performed a systematic review of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that examined the effect of acute aerobic exercise on blood pressure (BP) responses (the change from baseline to stress) to psychosocial laboratory tasks. Fifteen RCTs met inclusion criteria of which ten demonstrated significant reductions in post-exercise stress related BP responses compared with control (mean effect sizes for systolic and diastolic BP, 0.38 and 0.40). Studies involving greater exercise doses tended to show larger effects, with the minimum dose to show a significant effect being 30 min at 50% V-O2max. No other moderators emerged from the examination of participant characteristics, research designs and stressor characteristics. In conclusion, an acute bout of aerobic exercise appears to have a significant impact on the BP response to a psychosocial stressor. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Type: Article
Title: The effect of acute aerobic exercise on stress related blood pressure responses: A systematic review and meta-analysis
DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2005.04.004
Keywords: cardiovascular health, aerobic exercise, blood pressure response, mental stress, meta-analysis, ENHANCED CAROTID ATHEROSCLEROSIS, AGED FINNISH MEN, CARDIOVASCULAR-RESPONSES, PSYCHOLOGICAL STRESS, POSTEXERCISE HYPOTENSION, WEIGHT-LOSS, REACTIVITY, HYPERTENSION, INHIBITION, INTENSITY
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Behavioural Science and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/111506
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