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Muller-cell-derived leukaemia inhibitory factor arrests rod photoreceptor differentiation at a postmitotic pre-rod stage of development

Neophytou, C; Vernallis, AB; Smith, A; Raff, MC; (1997) Muller-cell-derived leukaemia inhibitory factor arrests rod photoreceptor differentiation at a postmitotic pre-rod stage of development. DEVELOPMENT , 124 (12) 2345 - 2354.

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Abstract

In the present study, we examine rod photoreceptor development in dissociated-cell cultures of neonatal mouse retina. We show that, although very few rhodopsin(+) rods develop in the presence of 10% foetal calf serum (FCS), large numbers develop in the absence of serum, but only if the cell density in the cultures is-high. The rods all develop from nondividing rhodopsin(-) cells, and new rods continue to develop from rhodopsin(-) cells for at least 6-8 days, indicating that there can be a long delay between when a precursor cell withdraws from the cell cycle and when it becomes a rhodopsin(+) rod. We show that FCS arrests rod development in these cultures at a postmitotic, rhodopsin(-), pre-rod stage. We present evidence that FCS acts indirectly by stimulating the proliferation of Muller cells, which arrest rod differentiation by releasing leukaemia inhibitory factor (LIF). These findings identify an inhibitory cell-cell interaction, which may help to explain the long delay that can occur both in vitro and in vivo between cell-cycle withdrawal and rhodopsin expression during rod development.

Type:Article
Title:Muller-cell-derived leukaemia inhibitory factor arrests rod photoreceptor differentiation at a postmitotic pre-rod stage of development
Keywords:mouse retina, rod photoreceptors, retinal development, LIF, Muller cells, CILIARY NEUROTROPHIC FACTOR, RAT RETINA, XENOPUS RETINA, IN-VITRO, MONOCLONAL-ANTIBODIES, REGIONAL DISTRIBUTION, BIPOLAR CELLS, TGF-ALPHA, RECEPTOR, INVITRO
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Biosciences (Division of)

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