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EXTRACTION OF LYSOZYME AND RIBONUCLEASE-A USING REVERSE MICELLES - LIMITS TO PROTEIN SOLUBILIZATION

LYE, GJ; ASENJO, JA; PYLE, DL; (1995) EXTRACTION OF LYSOZYME AND RIBONUCLEASE-A USING REVERSE MICELLES - LIMITS TO PROTEIN SOLUBILIZATION. BIOTECHNOL BIOENG , 47 (5) 509 - 519.

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Abstract

Experiments are reported here on the equilibrium partitioning of lysozyme and ribonuclease-a between aqueous and reversed micellar phases comprised of an anionic surfactant, sodium di-2-ethylhexyl sulfosuccinate (AOT), in isooctane. A distinct maximum, [P](rm,max) was found for the quantity of a given protein that can be solubilized in the reverse micelle phase by the phase-transfer method. This upper limit depended upon the size of the protein, the surfactant concentration, and the aqueous phase ionic strength, and was determined by complex formation between protein and surfactant molecules to form an insoluble interfacial precipitate at high values of [P](rm). In this work, it was found to be possible to dissociate the protein-surfactant complex and recover the precipitated protein. The kinetics of protein-surfactant complex formation depended upon the nature and concentration of the solubilized protein and on the surfactant concentration. Calculations of micellar occupancy and the relative surface areas of protein molecules and surfactant head-groups suggested that it was the exposure of the solubilized protein to the bulk organic solvent which promoted protein-surfactant complex formation as [P](rm) --> [P](rm,max). In the light of the experimental results and calculations described above, a mechanistic model is proposed to account for the observed phenomena. This is based upon the competing effects of increasing the solubilized protein concentration and the corresponding increase in the rate of protein-surfactant complex formation. The dynamic nature of the reverse micelles is inherent in the model, explaining the formation of the interfacial precipitate with time and its dependence on the internal phase volume of the micellar phase. Experiments on the co-partitioning of water and measurement of the AOT concentration in both phases verified the loss of protein, water, and surfactant from the organic phase at high values of [P](rm). (C) 1995 John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

Type: Article
Title: EXTRACTION OF LYSOZYME AND RIBONUCLEASE-A USING REVERSE MICELLES - LIMITS TO PROTEIN SOLUBILIZATION
Keywords: REVERSE MICELLES, LYSOZYME, RIBONUCLEASE-A, IN-OIL MICROEMULSIONS, CYTOCHROME-C, AEROSOL-OT, SELECTIVE SOLUBILIZATION, THERMODYNAMIC MODEL, WATER, EXCHANGE, SYSTEMS, AGGREGATION, MECHANISMS
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Biochemical Engineering
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/109430
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