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Structure-activity relationship of a series of C-terminus modified aminoalkyl, diaminoalkyl- and anilino-containing analogues of the benzoic acid mustard distamycin derivative tallimustine: Synthesis, DNA binding and cytotoxicity studies

Brooks, N; Hartley, JA; Simpson, JE; Wright, SR; Woo, S; Centioni, S; Fontaine, MD; ... Lee, M; + view all (1997) Structure-activity relationship of a series of C-terminus modified aminoalkyl, diaminoalkyl- and anilino-containing analogues of the benzoic acid mustard distamycin derivative tallimustine: Synthesis, DNA binding and cytotoxicity studies. BIOORGAN MED CHEM , 5 (8) 1497 - 1507.

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Abstract

As part of our investigations into the design of more cytotoxic analogues of the experimental anticancer drug tallimustine, 1, C-terminus modified aminoalkyl-, 2a-c, diaminoalkyl-, 3, and anilino-containing, 4, derivatives have been synthesized. Compounds 2a-c differ by 2, 3, or 4 methylene units in the C-terminus, respectively. Results from an ethidium displacement study on poly(dA-dT), poly(dG-dC), calf thymus DNA and T4 coliphage DNA showed that compounds 2-4 interact in the minor groove of the polynucleotides with a preference for poly(dA-dT) over poly(dG-dC). Compound 4 bound more weakly to the DNAs than 2a-c and 3. Using a CD dilution assay compounds 2a-c and 3 were demonstrated to bind irreversibly to calf thymus DNA. The sequence selectivity by which compounds 2-4 alkylate DNA was demonstrated using a Tag polymerase stop assay. All the compounds alkylated preferentially at the 3'-purine residue in a 5'-TTTTGPu-3' sequence (Pu = A or G). This observed sequence specificity is similar to that of tallimustine and a related compound 5. At an equimolar concentration the aminoalkyl compounds 2a-c (2b > 2a > 2c), and diaminoalkyl compound 3 were more efficient at alkylating these sequences than the anilino compound 4. Following a one hour exposure of human chronic myeloid leukemia K562 cells, compounds 2b and 3 have lower IC50 values (1.64 mu M and 3.03 mu M, respectively) than tallimustine (5 mu M) and similar Values to a related compound 5 (2.2 mu M). The order of cytotoxicity for all the compounds is 2b > 5 > 3 > 2a > 1 > 2c = 4. These results indicate that the cytotoxicities of these compounds are related to their relative ability to alkylate the consensus DNA binding sequence. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science Ltd.

Type: Article
Title: Structure-activity relationship of a series of C-terminus modified aminoalkyl, diaminoalkyl- and anilino-containing analogues of the benzoic acid mustard distamycin derivative tallimustine: Synthesis, DNA binding and cytotoxicity studies
Keywords: CHLORAMBUCIL-SPERMIDINE CONJUGATE, SEQUENCE SPECIFICITY, ANTITUMOR-ACTIVITY, FCE 24517, AGENTS, FCE-24517, ALKYLATION, CELLS
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Oncology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/109079
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