HEMODIALYSIS AND HEPARIN - ALTERNATIVE METHODS OF MEASURING HEPARIN AND OF DETECTING ACTIVATION OF COAGULATION.
26 - 34.
A bolus dose of heparin was administered pre-dialysis to patients (n = 6) undergoing regular maintenance hemodialysis with cuprophane flat plate and hollow fiber membranes. Blood samples were withdrawn at hourly intervals for measurement of a) heparin and b) activation markers of coagulation, fibrinolysis and platelets. Two assay methods for heparin were employed; amidolytic assay of anti-factor Xa activity in plasma and a simple whole blood clotting time based upon factor Xa inhibition (Heptest). Results from these heparin assays correlated well with each other (r = 0.89) and both showed similar negative correlations (r = -0.72, amidolytic and r = -0.66, Heptest) with levels of a marker of fibrin clot formation, fibrinopeptide A (FPA). Large differences in levels of FPA were observed during dialysis with the two dialyzer types, when similar levels of heparin were present. Heparin levels declined from 1-5-h dialysis and were associated with rises in plasma levels of FPA, thrombin-antithrombin complex (TAT) and beta-thromboglobulin (BTG), but not of D-dimer. Regression analysis revealed the best correlation was between FPA and TAT (r = 0.94), followed by FPA and BTG (r = 0.81). FPA and D-dimer exhibited significant, but lower (r = 0.42), correlation. TAT levels, like FPA levels, showed good correlation with heparin (r > 0.65). It is concluded that the Heptest assay may be a useful bedside measurement of heparin levels and the TAT assay may be a simplified means of evaluating coagulation system activation during dialysis.
|Title:||HEMODIALYSIS AND HEPARIN - ALTERNATIVE METHODS OF MEASURING HEPARIN AND OF DETECTING ACTIVATION OF COAGULATION|
|Keywords:||HEMODIALYSIS, FIBRINOPEPTIDE-A, THROMBIN-ANTITHROMBIN COMPLEX, HEPARIN MEASUREMENT, BETA THROMBOGLOBULIN, FIBRIN DEGRADATION PRODUCTS, MOLECULAR WEIGHT HEPARIN, PLASMA D-DIMER, FIBRINOPEPTIDE-A, RENAL-FAILURE, ANTICOAGULANT, ASSAY|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science|
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